C#控制台打开VM虚拟机

添加引用->VixCOM.dll (在vix文件夹下)

VixWrapper.cs

1
using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Linq; using System.Runtime.InteropServices; using System.Text; using VixCOM; namespace VMHelper { class VixWrapper { VixCOM.IVixLib vixLib = null; ulong m_vixError; VixCOM.IHost m_hostHandle = null; VixCOM.IVM m_vmHandle = null; public ulong GetError() { return m_vixError; } public VixWrapper() { try { vixLib = new VixCOM.VixLibClass(); } catch (COMException comExc) { System.Diagnostics.Trace.WriteLine(comExc.Message + "\n"); throw; } } /// <summary> /// Creates a host handle /// </summary> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool Connect(string hostName, string userName, string password) { int hostType = string.IsNullOrEmpty(hostName) ? VixCOM.Constants.VIX_SERVICEPROVIDER_VMWARE_WORKSTATION : VixCOM.Constants.VIX_SERVICEPROVIDER_VMWARE_SERVER; int vixVersion = VixCOM.Constants.VIX_API_VERSION; vixVersion = -1; VixCOM.IJob jobHandle = vixLib.Connect(vixVersion, hostType, null, 0, userName, password, 0, null, null); int[] propertyIds = new int[1] { VixCOM.Constants.VIX_PROPERTY_JOB_RESULT_HANDLE }; object results = new object(); m_vixError = jobHandle.Wait(propertyIds, ref results); if (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK) { object[] objectArray = (object[])results; m_hostHandle = (VixCOM.IHost)objectArray[0]; return true; } return false; } /// <summary> /// Opens the virtual machine specified in vmxFilePath /// </summary> /// <param name=”vmxFilePath”>The virtual machine vmx file to open</param> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool OpenVm(string vmxFilePath) { IJob jobHandle = m_hostHandle.OpenVM(vmxFilePath, null); int[] propertyIds = new int[1] { VixCOM.Constants.VIX_PROPERTY_JOB_RESULT_HANDLE }; object results = new object(); m_vixError = jobHandle.Wait(propertyIds, ref results); if (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK) { object[] objectArray = (object[])results; m_vmHandle = (VixCOM.IVM)objectArray[0]; return true; } return false; } /// <summary> /// Power on the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool PowerOn() { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.PowerOn(VixCOM.Constants.VIX_VMPOWEROP_LAUNCH_GUI, null, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); if (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK) { jobHandle = m_vmHandle.WaitForToolsInGuest(300, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); } return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Starts a snapshot of a virtual machine /// </summary> /// <param name=”snapshot_name”>The name of the snapshot to start</param> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool RevertToLastSnapshot() { ISnapshot snapshot = null; m_vixError = m_vmHandle.GetRootSnapshot(0, out snapshot); if (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK) { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.RevertToSnapshot(snapshot, 0, null, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); } return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Login to the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool LogIn(string username, string password) { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.LoginInGuest(username, password, 0, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Creates the directory in the Virtual Machine /// </summary> /// <param name=”pathName”></param> /// <returns></returns> public bool CreateDirectoryInVm(string pathName) { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.CreateDirectoryInGuest(pathName, null, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Copies a file from the host machine to the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <param name=”sourceFile”>The source file on the host machine</param> /// <param name=”destinationFile”>The destination on the VM</param> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool CopyFileToVm(string sourceFile, string destinationFile) { // // Copy files from host to guest // IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.CopyFileFromHostToGuest(sourceFile, destinationFile, 0, null, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Copies a file from the virtual machine to the host machine /// </summary> /// <param name=”sourceFile”>The source file on the virtual machine</param> /// <param name=”destinationFile”>The destination on the host machine</param> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool CopyFileFromVm(string sourceFile, string destinationFile) { // // Copy files from host to guest // IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.CopyFileFromGuestToHost(sourceFile, destinationFile, 0, null, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Runs a program on the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <param name=”exePath”>The path of the program on the virtual machine</param> /// <param name=”parameters”>The parameters to pass to the executable</param> /// <param name=”resultCode”>The result code returned from the program that ran on the VM</param> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool RunProgram(string exePath, string parameters, out int resultCode) { resultCode = -1; IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.RunProgramInGuest(exePath, parameters, VixCOM.Constants.VIX_RUNPROGRAM_ACTIVATE_WINDOW, null, null); // clientData int[] propertyIds = new int[1] { VixCOM.Constants.VIX_PROPERTY_JOB_RESULT_GUEST_PROGRAM_EXIT_CODE }; object results = new object(); m_vixError = jobHandle.Wait(propertyIds, ref results); if (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK) { object[] objectArray = (object[])results; resultCode = (int)objectArray[0]; return true; } return false; } /// <summary> /// Power off the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool PowerOff() { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.PowerOff(VixCOM.Constants.VIX_VMPOWEROP_NORMAL, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } /// <summary> /// Restart the virtual machine /// </summary> /// <returns>true if succeeded, otherwise false</returns> public bool Restart() { IJob jobHandle = m_vmHandle.Reset(VixCOM.Constants.VIX_VMPOWEROP_NORMAL, null); m_vixError = jobHandle.WaitWithoutResults(); return (m_vixError == VixCOM.Constants.VIX_OK); } } }

Program.cs

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Text;
using VMHelper;


namespace VixWrapperTest
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
try
{
//VixWrapper.VixWrapper vix = new VixWrapper.VixWrapper();
VixWrapper wrapper = new VixWrapper();

wrapper.Connect(null, "Administrator", null);

wrapper.OpenVm(@"E:\win xp\Windows XP Professional.vmx");//安装好的虚拟机.vmx的实际路径

wrapper.PowerOn();

wrapper.PowerOff();

}
catch (Exception e)
{
Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
}
}

}
}

本程序实现了通过VS控制台打开vm虚拟机的功能,有兴趣的可以去调用剩下的函数,做个时延函数,然后完成其他任务。